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List of publications for AEP


  • Disma N, Lauretta D, Palermo F, Sapienza D, Ingelmo PM, Astuto M. Level of sedation evaluation with Cerebral State Index and A-Line Arx in children undergoing diagnostic procedures. Pediatric Anesthesia 2007 17 (5), 445–451.
  • Kuo CP, Chen KM, Wu CT, Horng HC, Cherng CH, Yu CJ, Wong CS. Utility of the auditory evoked potentials index as an indicator for endotracheal intubation. Acta Anaesthesiol Taiwan. 2006 Dec;44(4):205-10
  • Bonhomme V, Desiron Q, Lemineur T, Brichant JF, Dewandre PY, Hans P. Bispectral Index Profile During Carotid Cross Clamping. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol 2007;19:49–55
  • Manyam SC, Gupta DK, Johnson KB, White J, Pace N, Westenskow D, Egan T. When Is a Bispectral Index of 60 Too Low? Rational Processed Electroencephalographic Targets Are Dependent on the Sedative–Opioid Ratio. Anesthesiology 2007; 106:472–83


  • Wu RS. Which serves best in monitoring arousal response to tracheal intubation? Bispectral index, sprectral entropy or AEP?. Acta Anaesthesiol Taiwan. 2006 Dec;44(4):191-2.
  • Lamas Ferreiro A, Lopez-Herce J, Sanchez Perez L, Mencia Bartolome S, Borrego Dominguez R, Carrillo Alvarez A. Middle latency auditory evoked potentials in critical care children: preliminary study(Article in Spanish). An Pediatr (Barc). 2006 Apr;64(4):354-9.
  • Badenes R, A. Maruenda, M. García-Pérez, V. Chisbert, F. Talamantes, F. Belda. Concomitant assessment of depth of sedation with auditory evoked potentials monitor and Richmond Agitation-Sedation Scale in traumatic brain injury patients. European Journal of Anaesthesiology 2006; 23 (Suppl.37): A-789.
  • Bonhomme V, Llabres V, Dewandre PY, Brichant JF, Hans P. Combined use of Bispectral IndexTM and A-LineTM Autoregressive IndexTM to assess anti-nociceptive component of balanced anaesthesia during lumbar arthrodesis. Br. J. Anaesth. 2006 96: 353-360
  • Bruhn J, Myles PS, Sneyd R, Struys MMRF. Depth of anaesthesia monitoring: what’s available, what’s validated and what’s next?. Br. J. Anaesth. 2006; 97 (1): 85–94.
  • Cai J, Guo QL, Tang ZH, Zhou WY. Auditory evoked potentials index for monitoring the depth of desflurane anesthesia in the elderly. [Article in Chinese]. Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban (Journal of Central South University. Medical sciences) 2006 Feb;31(1):100-3.
  • Enlund M, P Jansson. AEP and Entropy responses to marked changes in sevoflurane concentration- a ceiling effect? (S160). Anesth Analg 2006; 102; S-1–S-330
  • Fidler ML, P.L. Gambus, X. Barba, E.W. Jensen, S. Kern. Modeling interactions of low dose propfol and remifentanil. European Journal of Anaesthesiology 2006; 23 (Suppl.37): A-511.
  • Galfy I, I. Bobek, A. Roka, M. Windisch, T. Huttl, Z. Szabolcs, G. Acsady. Impact of neuromonitoring on anesthetic drug consumption and quality of depth of anesthesia in cardiac surgery patients. European Journal of Anaesthesiology 2006; 23 (Suppl.37): A-84.
  • Gambus P, E. Jensen, G. Martinez Palli, M. Fidler, S. Kern. Modelling the interaction of propofol and remifentanil by means of an adaptive neuro fuzzy inference system (ANFIS). European Journal of Anaesthesiology 2006; 23 (Suppl.37): A-514.
  • Gambus P, Jensen E, Martinez-Palli G, Jospin M, Barba X. Propofol Remifentanil Interaction with Respect to BIS and AAI/2 in Patients Undergoing USE Endoscopy. Anesthesiology 2006; 106 (3): A-1203
  • Jensen EW, H Litvan, M Revuelta, B Rodriguez, P Caminal, P Martinez, H Vereecke, MMRF Struys. Cerebral State Index during Propofol Anesthesia: A Comparison with the Bispectral Index and the A-Line ARX Index. Anesthesiology: 105(1) July 2006 pp 28-36.
  • Jospin M, E.W. Jensen, P. Caminal, D.T. Kaplan, H. Vereecke, M.M.R.F. Struys. A new spectral index for assessing depth of anesthesia based on the cumulative power spectrum of the EEG. European Journal of Anaesthesiology 2006; 23 (Suppl.37): A-85.
  • Kang H, H.S. Na. The assessment of effect of neuromuscular blocking agent on depth of anesthesia using the BIS and AEPindex. European Journal of Anaesthesiology 2006; 23 (Suppl.37): A-83.
  • Kreuer S, Bruhn J, Larsen R, Buchinger H, Wilhelm W. A-line, bispectral index, and estimated effect-site concentrations: a prediction of clinical end-points of anesthesia. Anesth Analg. 2006 Apr;102(4):1141-6.
  • Litvan H, P. Cotaimich, M. Revuelta, J. Galán, J.A. Fernández, J.M. Campos. Comparison of the Index of Consciousness (IoC) and the Auditory Evoked Potentials Index (AAI) during sevoflurane induction of general anaesthesia. European Journal of Anaesthesiology 2006; 23 (Suppl.37): A-81.
  • Nishiyama T. Effects of the Click Sounds of the Auditory Evoked Potentials on Bispectral Index and Entropy. Anesthesiology 2006; 106 (3): A-1046
  • Nishiyama T. Comparison among the Auditory Evoked Potentials index, Bispectral index, and Spectral Edge Frequency in isoflurane anesthesia (S159). Anesth Analg 2006; 102; S-1–S-330
  • Plourde G. Auditory evoked potentials. Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol. 2006 Mar;20(1):129-39. Review.
  • Smilov I, D. Uzunova. Comparison between two regimens for general anesthesia in gynecological surgery using auditory evoked potentials (AEPs). European Journal of Anaesthesiology 2006; 23 (Suppl.37): A-543.
  • Tyczka J, P. Ciszewski, J. Nadolski, W. Dyszkiewicz. Monitoring of the anesthetic depth during VATS with auditory evoked potentials (AEP) – does it change propofol requirement and recovery course. European Journal of Anaesthesiology 2006; 23 (Suppl.37): A-80.
  • Vereecke H, A. Vanluchene, E. Mortier, M. Struys. The effects of rocuronium and ketamine on bispectral index, A-Line auditory evoked potentials index and spectral entropy. European Journal of Anaesthesiology 2006; 23 (Suppl.37): A-78.
  • White PF. Use of cerebral monitoring during anaesthesia: effect on recovery profile. Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol. 2006 Mar;20(1):181-9. Review.


  • Alpiger S. Auditory Evoked Potentials (AEP) for the measurement of depth of anaesthesia. Dan Med Bull. 2005 Aug;52(3):115.
  • Alpiger S, Helbo-Hansen HS, Vach W, Ording H. Efficacy of A-lineTM AEP Monitor as a tool for predicting acceptable tracheal intubation conditions during sevoflurane anaesthesia. Br J Anaesth. 2005; 94(5):601-6.
  • Bruhn J, Kreuer S, Bischoff P, Kessler P, Schmidt GN, Grzesiak A, Wilhelm. Bispectral index and A-line AAI index as guidance for desflurane-remifentanil anaesthesia compared with a standard practice group: a multicentre study. Br J Anaesth. 2005 Jan;94(1):63-9.
  • De Siena L, F. Pallavicino, M. Lacilla, A. Canale, A. Longobardo, G. Pecorari, R. Albera. Auditory-evoked potentials in general anesthesia monitoring: baseline study of availability in relation to hearing function in awake status. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica; 49(6): 774
  • Ekman A, Stalberg E, Eriksson LI, et al. EMG, BIS, and AAI Responses to Noxious Stimulation at Different Degrees of Neuromuscular Blockade during Sevoflurane Anesthesia. Anesthesiology 2005; 103: A45.
  • Henneberg SW, D. Rosenborg, E. Weber Jensen, P. Ahn, B. Burgdorff, L. L. Thomsen. Peroperative depth of anaesthesia may influence postoperative opioid requirements. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand; 49 ( 3): 293
  • Holmström A and J. Akeson. Sevoflurane induces less cerebral vasodilation than isoflurane at the same A-line1 autoregressive index level. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2005; 49 (1): 16-22.
  • Holmstrom A, J. Akeson. Desflurane induces more cerebral vasodilation than isoflurane at the same A-line autoregressive index level . Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica; 49(6): 754
  • Hsu JC, CY Yang, LC See, JT Liou, FC Liu, JJ Hwang, WC Wu, and PW Lui. Propofol ensures a more stable A-line ARX index than thiopental during intubation. Can J Anesth 2005;52 692-696
  • John ER, Prichep LS. The Anesthetic Cascade: A Theory of How Anesthesia Suppresses Consciousness. Anesthesiology 2005; 102 (2): 447-71
  • Lu CH, C. O. Borel, C. -T. Wu, C.-C. Yeh, S.-W. Jao, P.-C. Chao, C.-S. Wong. Combined general-epidural anesthesia decreases the desflurane requirement for equivalent A-line ARX index in colorectal surgery. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 2005 49:8 1063.
  • Nishiyama T. Changes in the auditory evoked potentials index by induction doses of four different intravenous anesthetics. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 49 (9): 1326
  • Rinaldi S, Consales G, Gallerani E, Ortolani O, De Gaudio AR. A-line autoregression index monitoring to titrate inhalational anaesthesia: effects on sevoflurane consumption, emergence time and memory. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2005;49(5):692-7.
  • Schmidt GN, Bischoff P, Standl T, et al. SNAP Index and Bispectral Index during Different States of Propofol/Remifentanil Anaesthesia. Anaesthesia 2005; 60 (3): 228-34
  • Tiren C, R. E. Anderson, G. Barr, A. Owall, J. G. Jakobsson. Clinical comparison of three different anaesthetic depth monitors during cardiopulmonary bypass. Anaesthesia; Volume 60, Issue 2, Page 189
  • Vasella FC, P. Frascarolo, D. R. Spahn and L. Magnusson. Antagonism of neuromuscular blockade but not muscle relaxation affects depth of anaesthesia. British Journal of Anaesthesia 94 (6): 742–7
  • Vereecke H, P Martinez, EW Jensen, O Thas, R Vandenbroecke, E Mortier, MMRF Struys. New Composite Index Based on Midlatency Auditory Evoked Potential and Electroencephalographic Parameters to Optimize Correlation with Propofol Effect Site Concentration: Comparison with Bispectral Index and Solitary Used Fast Extracting Auditory Evoked Potential Index. Anesthesiology. 103(3):500-507, September 2005.
  • Weber F, Zimmermann M, Bein T. The impact of acoustic stimulation on the AEP monitor/2 derived composite auditory evoked potential index under awake and anesthetized conditions. Anesth Analg. 2005 Aug;101(2):435-9
  • Weber F, M. Seidl, T. Bein. Impact of the AEP-Monitor/2-derived composite auditory-evoked potential index on propofol consumption and emergence times during total intravenous anaesthesia with propofol and remifentanil in children. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand; 49 (3):277.


  • Alpiger S, Helbo-Hansen HS, Vach W, Ording H. Efficacy of the A-line AEP monitor as a tool for predicting successful insertion of a laryngeal mask during sevoflurane anesthesia. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2004;48(7):888-93.
  • Anderson RE, J. G. Jakobsson. Entropy of EEG during anaesthetic induction: a comparative study with propofol or nitrous oxide as sole agent. British Journal of Anaesthesia, 2004, Vol. 92(2): 167-170.
  • Bonhomme V, Hans P. Monitoring Depth of Anaesthesia: Is It Worth the Effort? European Journal of Anaesthesiology 2004; 21 (6): 423-8.
  • Bonhomme V, Dewandre PY, Llabres V, et al. Effect of Level of Analgesia on Bispectral Index™ (BIS) and A-Line™ Autoregressive Index™ (AAI) Profiles during Induction of Anesthesia. Anesthesiology 2004; 101 (3): A-344.
  • Bonhomme V, Dewandre PY, Llabres V, et al. Hemodynamic, Bispectral Index™ (BIS) and A-Line™ Autoregressive Index™ (AAI) Responses to Laryngoscopy: Effect of Analgesic Regimen. Anesthesiology 2004; 101 (3): A-345
  • Chan MT, Ho SS, Gin T. AEP "Click Detection" failure: may be, may be not! Anesth Analg. 2004;99(3):948-9.
  • Dullenkopf A, A Schmitz, G Lamesic, M Weiss, A Lang. The Influence of Acupressure on the Monitoring of Acoustic Evoked Potentials in Unsedated Adult Volunteers. Anesth Analg 2004;99(4):1147-1151
  • Ekman A, Brudin L, Sandin R. A comparison of bispectral index and rapidly extracted auditory evoked potentials index responses to noxious stimulation during sevoflurane anesthesia. Anesth Analg. 2004 Oct;99(4):1141-6
  • Gupta DK, Manyam SC, Johnson KB, et al. Do Opioids Influence the Depth of Sedation Produced by Sedative/Hypnotics? An Observational Study of the Interaction Between Remifentanil and Sevoflurane or Propofol as Measured by OAAS, BIS, and AEP. Anesthesiology 2004; 101 (3): A-477.
  • Jensen EW, H. Litvan, M. Struys, P. Martinez Vazquez. Pitfalls and challenges when assessing the depth of hypnosis during general anaesthesia by clinical signs and electronic indices. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 2004 48:10 1260
  • Joubert KE. Does the A-line ARX-lndex provide a reasonable assessment of anaesthetic depth in dogs undergoing routine surgery?. J S Afr Vet Assoc. 2004 Sep;75(3):110-5.
  • Kreuer S, J. Bruhn, R. Larsen, C. Bauer, W. Wilhelm. Comparison of BIS and AAI as measures of anaesthetic drug effect during desflurane-remifentanil anaesthesia. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 2004 48:9 1168
  • Mi WD, T. Sakai, T. Kudo, M. Kudo, A. Matsuki. Performance of the bispectral index and auditory evoked potential monitors in detecting loss of consciousness during anaesthetic induction with propofol with and without fentanyl. European Journal of Anaesthesiology 2004; 21(10):807-811
  • Millar J. Fast-Tracking in Day Surgery. Is Your Journey to the Recovery Room Really Necessary? British Journal of Anaesthesia 2004; 93 (6):756-8.
  • Nishiyama T, T Matsukawa and K Hanaoka. Is the ARX index a more sensitive indicator of anesthetic depth than the bispectral index during sevoflurane/nitrous oxide anesthesia?. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2004; 48: 1028—1032
  • Nishiyama T and K Hanaoka. The A-line ARX index may be a more sensitive detector of arousal than the bispectral index during propofol-fentanyl-nitrous oxide anesthesia: a preliminary investigation. Can J Anesth 2004;(51) 539-544
  • Sneyd JR. Remembering Awareness. British Journal of Anaesthesia 2004; 93 (3):324
  • Vanluchene AL, Vereecke H, Thas O, Mortier EP, Shafer SL, Struys MM. Spectral entropy as an electroencephalographic measure of anesthetic drug effect: a comparison with bispectral index and processed midlatency auditory evoked response. Anesthesiology 2004; 101(1):34-42.
  • Waters CE, G French, M Burt. Difficulty in brainstem death testing in the presence of high spinal cord injury. Br J Anaesth 2004; 92(5): 760-4
  • Weber F, T Bein, J Hobbhahn, K Taeger. Evaluation of the Alaris Auditory Evoked Potential Index as an Indicator of Anesthetic Depth in Preschool Children during Induction of Anesthesia with Sevoflurane and Remifentanil. Anesthesiology 2004 (101):294–8.
  • White P, H Ma, J Tang, RH Wender, A Sloninsky, R Karinger. “Does the use of Electroencephalographic Bispectral Index or Auditory Evoked Potential Index Monitoring Facilitate Recovery after Desflurane Anesthesia in the Ambulatory Setting?”. Anesthesiology 2004 (100) 811-7
  • Xu YG, Guo QL, Wang YQ. Effects of desflurane on auditory evoked potential index and quantitative electroencephalogram. Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban. 2004 Feb;29(1):94-6
  • Xuebing X, Shouzhang S, Yan Y, et al. Changes of A-Line Autoregressive Index and BIS during Induction and Tracheal Intubation in the Elderly. Anesthesia & Analgesia 2004; 98; S-1-S-282: S-114.


  • Anderson RE, Barr G, Assareh H, Jakobsson J. The AAI index, the BIS index and end-tidal concentration during wash in and wash out of sevoflurane. Anaesthesia. 2003 Jun;58(6):531-5.
  • Ge SJ, XL Zhuang, YT Wang, ZD Wang, SL Chen, HT Li. Performance of the rapidly extracted auditory evoked potentials index to detect the recovery and loss of wakefulness in anesthetized and paralyzed patients. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2003 47(4):466-71.
  • Ge SJ, Zhuang XL, He RH, Wang YT, Zhang X, Huang SW. Neuromuscular block with vecuronium reduces the rapidly extracted auditory evoked potentials index during steady state anesthesia. Can J Anaesth. 2003 Dec;50(10):1017-22.
  • Jensen EW, P Martinez, BE Rodriguez, H Litvan. An AEP/EEG hybrid index for monitoring the hypnotic depth during general anesthesia. 1st International IEEE EMBS Special Topic Conference on Neural Engineering, Capri, 2003.
  • Kreuer S, Bruhn J, Larsen R, Hoepstein M, Wilhelm W. Comparison of Alaris AEP index and bispectral index during propofol-remifentanil anaesthesia. Br J Anaesth. 2003 Sep;91(3):336-40.
  • Litvan H., Jensen EW., Rodriguez B., Maestre ML.,Campos JM., Martinez P., Galan J.,Villar Landeira JM. Effect of pancuronium on the Auditory Evoked Potentials-derived AAI index . European Journal of Anaesthesiology 2003; 20 (Suppl. 29).
  • Muncaster AR, Sleigh JW, Williams M. Changes in consciousness, conceptual memory, and quantitative electroencephalographical measures during recovery from sevoflurane- and remifentanil-based anesthesia. Anesth Analg. 2003 Mar;96(3):720-5
  • Recart A, I Gasanova, PF White, T Thomas, B Ogunnaike, M Hamza, and A Wang. The Effect of Cerebral Monitoring on Recovery After General Anesthesia: A Comparison of the Auditory Evoked Potential and Bispectral Index Devices with Standard Clinical Practice. Anesth Analg 2003; 97 (6) 1667-1674.
  • Recart A, P White, A Wang, I Gasanova, S Jones. Effect of AEP Monitor on the Anesthetic Requirement and Recovery Profile after In-patient Surgical Procedures: A Clinical Utility Study. Anesthesiology 2003; 99 (3, CD-ROM): A-345.
  • Recart A, PF White, A Wang, I Gasanova, S Byerly, SB Jones. Effect of Auditory Evoked Potential Index Monitoring on Anesthetic Drug Requirements and Recovery Profile after Laparoscopic Surgery: A Clinical Utility Study. Anesthesiology 2003; 99(4):813-818
  • Schmidt GN, P Bischoff, T Standl, M Issleib, M Voigt, and J Schulte am Esch. ARX-Derived Auditory Evoked Potential Index and Bispectral Index During the Induction of Anesthesia with Propofol and Remifentanil. Anesth Analg 2003;97(1):139–44
  • Struys MMRF, H Vereecke, A Moerman, EW Jensen, D Verhaeghen, N De Neve, FJE Dumortier, EP Mortier. Ability of the Bispectral Index, Autoregressive Modelling with Exogenous Input-derived Auditory Evoked Potentials, and Predicted Propofol Concentrations to Measure Patient Responsiveness during Anesthesia with Propofol and Remifentanil. Anesthesiology 2003; 99(4):802-812
  • Trillo L, Fernandez- Galinski S, Rodriguez B, Navarro J, Mansilla R, Escolano F. Requirements of hypnotics during opioid-induced hypotension . European Journal of Anaesthesiology 2003; 20 (Suppl. 29).
  • Trillo-Urrutia L, S. Fernandez-Galinski and J. Castaño-Santa. Awareness detected by auditory evoked potential monitoring. Br J Anaesth 2003; 91(2): 290-2
  • Vanluchene AL, Struys MM, Heyse BE, Mortier EP. Spectral entropy measurement of patient responsiveness during propofol and remifentanil. A comparison with the bispectral index. Br J Anaesth. 2004 Nov;93(5):645-54.
  • Vereecke H, MMRF Struys and EP Mortier. A comparison of bispectral index and ARX-derived auditory evoked potential index in measuring the clinical interaction between ketamine and propofol anaesthesia. Anaesthesia, 2003 58(10): 957–961


  • Anderson RE, Barr G, Jakobsson JG. Correlation beween AAI-index and the BIS-index during propofol hypnosis: a clinical study. J Clin Monit Comput. 2002 Aug;17(6):325-9.
  • Alpiger S, Helbo-Hansen HS, Jensen EW. Effect of sevoflurane on the MLAEP measured by a new fast extracting monitor. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2002 Mar; 46(3):252-6.
  • Assareh H, RE Anderson, J Uusijarvi, J Jakobsson. Sevoflurane requirements during ambulatory surgery: a clinical study with and without AEP-index guidance. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 46(4):495-9, 2002.
  • Barr G, Anderson R, Jakobsson J. The effects of nitrous oxide on the auditory evoked potential index during sevoflurane anaesthesia. Anaesthesia, 2002, 57(8):736-9
  • Ge SJ, XL Zhuang, YT Wang, ZD Wang, HT Li. Changes in the rapidly extracted auditory evoked potentials index and the bispectral index during sedation induced by propofol or midazolam under epidural block. British Journal of Anaesthesia 89(2):260-4 (2002).
  • Jensen EW, L Trillo, P Martínez, BE Rodríguez, H Litvan. Validation of an algorithm for AEP detection Quality. European Journal of Anaesthesiology 2002; 19 (Suppl. 24).
  • Kreuer S, P Bialas, R Larsen, M Hoepstein, W Wilhelm. The A-Line™ Monitor - the First Commercially Available Auditory Evoked Potential (AEP) Monitor Designed To Measure the Depth of Anesthesia: A Comparison with Bispectral Index™ Monitoring. Anesthesiology 2002, 97(3) A-576
  • Litvan H, EW Jensen, JM Campos, SW Henneberg et al. Comparison of rapidly extracted Auditory Evoked Potentials and the A-line Arx Index for monitoring the hypnotic level during sevoflurane and propofol induction. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 46(3):245-51, 2002
  • Litvan H, EW Jensen, J Galan, J Lund, BE Rodriguez, SW Henneberg, P Caminal, JM Villar Landeira. Comparison of averaged and rapidly extracted Auditory Evoked Potentials for monitoring the hypnotic level during propofol induction. Anesthesiology 2002; 97:351-8
  • Määttänen H, Anderson R, Uusijärvi J, Jakobsson J. Auditory evoked potential monitoring with the AAITM index during spinal surgery: decreased desflurane consumption. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2002 Aug; 46(7):882-6.
  • Martoft L, L Lomholt, C Kolthoff, BE Rodriguez, EW Jensen, PF Jørgensen, HD Pedersen, A Forslid. Effects of CO2 anaesthesia on central nervous system activity in swine. Laboratory Animals, 36(2) (115-26), 2002.
  • Schmidt GN, P Bischoff, M Issleib, T Standl, J Schulte am Esch. Auditory Evoked Potential Index (AAI) and Bispectral Index™ (BIS™) during Induction of Anesthesia with Propofol and Remifentanil. Anesthesiology 2002, 97(3) A-540
  • Struys MRF, EW Jensen, W Smith, Ty Smith, I Rampil, F Dumortier, EP Mortier. Performance of the ARX-derived auditory evoked potential index as an indicator of anesthetic depth. A comparison with BIS and hemodynamic measures during propofol administration. Anesthesiology 2002; 96(4):803-16


  • Jensen EW, H Litvan, BE Rodriguez; P Martinez; M Revuelta. Monitoring of Auditory Evoked Potentials and Bispectral Analysis of the EEG during Remifentanyl Infusion. Anesthesiology 2001; 95 (3A): (A-561)
  • Jensen EW, H Litvan. Rapid Extraction of Middle-latency Auditory-evoked Potentials. Anesthesiology 2001; 94(4): 718.
  • Jensen EW, Litvan H. Monitoring of Auditory Evoked Potentials and Bispectral Analysis of the EEG during remifentanil infusion. Journal für Anästhesie und Intensivbehandlung, 2001(3) 88-9.
  • Martoft L, EW Jensen, BE Rodriguez, PF Jørgensen, A Forslid, HD Pedersen. Middle-Latency Auditory Evoked Potentials during induction of Thiopentone anaesthesia in pigs. Laboratory Animals, 35(4) (353-63), 2001.
  • Mignon AF,JB Lecharny, RR Fievet, JM Desmonts, F Servin. Comparison of an Auditory Evoked Potentials Index (AAI) and a Bispectral Index (BIS) for Determining the Depth of Anesthesia. Produced by Remifentanil in Cardiac Surgery. Anesthesiology 2001; 95 (3A): A-728
  • Rodríguez BE, H Litvan, EW Jensen, P Martínez, P Caminal. Assessing Depth of Anesthesia by Auditory Evoked Potentials during Propofol Induction. Comparison with Autonomic Nervous System Reactivity before and after Intubation. 5th International Conference on Memory, Awareness and Consciousness 2001. New York
  • Tao S, C Reynaud, V Billard, JM Desmonts, F Servin. Evolution of Hypnosis after a Single Dose of Thiopental: Simultaneous Recording of the BIS and of the Auditory Evoked Potentials Index (AAI). Anesthesiology 2001; 95 (3A): A-571
  • Welschbillig S, N Plantade, C Martinon, E Hentgen, V Billard. Performance of the AAI Index of AEP To Predict Loss of Consciousness during Propofol Anesthesia. Anesthesiology 2001; 95 (3A): A-565
  • Zhang XS, Rob J Roy, and Erik W. Jensen. EEG Complexity as a Measure of Depth of Anesthesia for Patients. IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 48 (12), December 2001


  • Jensen EW, P. Caminal and H. Litvan, J.A. Fernandez, M.L. Maestre. Comparison of BIS and AEP indices for monitoring hypnotic level during Sevoflurane anaesthesia. European Journal of Anaesthesiology 2000; 17 (Suppl. 19) A64.
  • Jensen EW, L. Martoft, P.F. Jørgensen and A.Forslid. Auditory Evoked Potentials Index in assessment of anaesthetic depth during induction of 90% CO2 anaesthesia in swine. European Journal of Anaesthesiology 2000; 17 (Suppl. 19).
  • Jensen EW, P.Guillen, H.Litvan,M.Vallverdu, P.Caminal. Symbolic dynamics applied to EEG signal for monitoring anaesthetic depth during Propofol infusion. 22nd Annual Conference of IEEE-EMBS 2000, Chicago,USA.
  • Litvan H, J. Galan, JM Villar , E. W Jensen and SW Henneberg. Rapid extraction of an AEP-index during propofol induction for cardiac surgery. European Journal of Anaesthesiology 2000;17 (Suppl. 19).
  • Litvan H, E:W.Jensen, P:Caminal, P.Paniagua,JM. VillarLandeira. Comparison of BIS and AEP indices for monitoring the hypnotic level during Sevoflurane or Propofol induction. Abstract at the European Association of Cardiac and Thoracic Anaesthesia, Århus, Denmark , June 2000.
  • Urhonen E, J. Lund (Odense,Denmark) and E.W. Jensen. Changes in rapidly extracted Auditory Evoked Potentials during tracheal intubation. Acta Anaesthesiol. Scand. 2000 44(6): 743-8


  • Jensen EW, H. Litvan, JM Campos and Steen W Henneberg. Fast extracted Auditory Evoked Potentials Index for monitoring hypnotic level during anaesthesia. Anesthesiology 1999; 91 (3A).
  • Jensen EW, H. Litvan, M. Maestre, J. galan, JM Campos and JM Vilar. Definition of a depth of anaesthesia index using a time-frequency analysis of the auditory evoked potential. ESA Abstract Amsterdam 1999
  • Jensen EW, A.Nebot, P.Caminal and S.W.Heenneberg. Identification of causal relations between Haemodynamic variables, auditory evoked potentials and Isoflurane by means of fuzzy logic. British Journal of Anaesthesia 1999:82:25-32
  • Jensen EW, T.Escobet, A.Nebot and P.Caminal. Definition of a depth of anaesthesia index using fuzzy inductive reasoning (fir). 21st Annual Conference of IEEE-EMBS 1999, Atlanta,USA.
  • Litvan H, E.W Jensen, M. Maestre, J. Galan, JM Campos, JM Vilar . Assessing Depth of anaesthesia by Auditory Evoked Potentials during continuous Propofol infusion. European Ass. of Cardiac & Thoracic Anaesthesia, Budapest 1999.


  • Jensen EW and A.Nebot. Comparison of FIR and ANFIS Methodologies for prediction of mean blood pressure and Auditory Evoked Potentials index during anaesthesia. IEEE, Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society 1998
  • Jensen EW. Detection of level of consciousness during Propofol anaesthesia by rapidly extracted Auditory Evoked Potentials. Memory and Awareness in Anaesthesia IV, London 1998
  • Jensen EW, M. Nygaard and S. Henneberg. On-line analysis of middle latency auditory evoked potentials (MLAEP) for monitoring depth of anaesthesia in laboratory rats. Medical Engineering & Physics 1998, 20(10);722-8
  • Jensen EW, F.Claria, H.Litvan. Distribución de Choi-Williams de los Potenciales Evocados Auditivos para definir Índices de Profundidad Anestésica. CASEIB Meeting 1998 (Spain).


  • Jensen EW, GC. Filligoi, E. Urhonen, U. Teran, L. Capitanio, A. Nebot, BM Gagliardi, P.Lindholm, J.Lund and S. Cerutti. Depth of anaesthesia monitored by ARX modeled Auditory Evoked Potentials during increased doses of Desflurane. IFMBE World Congress, Nice 1997


  • Jensen EW, S. Henneberg, P. Lindholm, TS. Hansen, T. Brask. Parameterization of Auditory Evoked Potentials for monitoring depth of anaesthesia. Memory and Awareness in Anaesthesia, Amsterdam 1996
  • Jensen EW, P.Lindholm, S.W.Henneberg. Autoregressive modeling with exogenous input of Middle Latency Auditory-Evoked Potentials to measure rapid changes in depth of anesthesia. Methods of Information in Medicine, 1996:35: 256-260.


  • Jensen EW, S.Henneberg, J.Eisby, L.Capitanio,P.Lindholm, S.Davids. ARX modeling of AEP for monitoring depth of anaesthesia. Medical & Biological Engineering and Computing, (IFMBE) 16th World Congress, August 94, Rio de Janeiro.

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